Festival Fridays: The 1968 Miami Pop Festivals

Well, this one’s a bit confusing. There were two Miami Pop Festivals in 1968 located at Gulfstream Park in Hallandale, Florida and they were run by completely different people and were somehow unrelated to each other. This confusion has understandably lead to some modern accounts reporting that they were all one event instead of two. These are also not to be confused with the Miami Rock Festival that occurred the following year…a36aff95b14def737efd352ffbe34645The first and slightly better known festival, which occurred from May 18th-19th of that year, was co-run by future Woodstock creator, Michael Lang. It featured Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention, Blue Cheer, The Crazy World of Arthur Brown, John lee Hooker, Chuck Berry and John Lee Hooker as well as a spirited appearance by The Jimi Hendrix Experience.


KA_ZAP_68_0010The stage, which, according to Michael Lang’s account in Woodstock Festival Remembered, was constructed out of “six flatbed trucks” and was protected by a pool of water, which did very little to hold back the reported 25,000 or so fans back. Evidently, the MC made false announcements to the audience to stay away from the water due to it being filled with sharks, in an attempt to keep them out (as referenced by sound engineer Eddie Kramer in the documentary, who recorded Hendrix’s set). That would be the last thing one would want to tell a large group of people that likely are on a wide assortment of psychedelics, but I have to assume that it all worked out…

bf6824f3b7d13fd577b3d3f5268aacf3.jpgmiamihelicopterThe Experience being escorted to the site via helicopter

It’s hard to find much about how the rest of the show went apart from Hendrix’s afternoon and evening sets (and the fact that he missed his pickup and had to be flown in via helicopter). The afternoon performance is indeed one hell of a good one and also one of only a small handful that he performed outside during the daytime. It’s a little strange seeing footage of him in full flight with his guitar in bright, glowing sunlight.


(Photo by Linda Eastman)

For some reason though, his afternoon set was only recently released after years and years of rumors and bootlegs. If you dig Hendrix, you have to hear this concert.

eeb1dd062de311357d59def6fe4b44ec            Hendrix with Linda Eastman (later McCartney) at the festival

Much like Woodstock though, Miami Pop suffered rain showers but unlike Woodstock, the rain actually forced the festival to cancel its last day. It has been said that this cancellation is what gave Hendrix the idea to write Electric Ladyland’s “Rainy Day, Dream Away.”

“Rainy day, dream away
Ah let the sun take a holiday
Flowers bathe an’ ah see the children play
Lay back and groove on a rainy day.

Well I can see a bunch of wet creatures, look at them on the run
The carnival traffic noise it sings the tune splashing up ‘n’
Even the ducks can groove rain bathin’ in the park side pool
And I’m leanin’ out my window sill diggin’ ev’rything
And ah and you too.”


The second festival, which took place on December 28th-30th that year, featured a much bigger line up and therefore drew much bigger crowds (estimated to be 100,00). Diverse acts such as bluesmen James Cotton and Junior Walker and acid rockers like Procol Harum and Iron Butterfly and even pop groups like The Turtles to the Box Tops took to the main stages over the two days.

Ellen Sander of The New York Times, in her January 1969 article, The Miami Pop Festival: An Inspired Bag of Pop paints the scene as a rather beautiful, near ethereal paradise.

The two performance areas, one in front of the Gulf Stream race track grandstand, another in a large tree-lined meadow, were several acres apart. Between the two were an art exhibit, arts and crafts concessions, enormous pop art sculptures, food and drink concessions, and two live, painted Indian elephants who watched the spectacle with politely amused ponderousness.”

Sander goes on to say that some of the highlights of the festival included Three Dog Night’s cover-heavy performance as well as Pacific Gas and Electric, Sweetwater, Country Joe & The Fish being joined by Jefferson Airplane’s Jack Cassidy and Joni Mitchell’s closing rendition of “Get Together” while being accompanied by then-lover Graham Nash and Richie Havens.

The first of the Miami Pop Festivals is very important in rock history for being the true seed of Woodstock, since it gave founder Michael Lang a taste of how successful he could be at promoting such an event, while the second was the first large festival of its kind on the East Coast, giving the audiences a taste of the freedom and fun they could expect from a show like this. From this point forward, promoters and audiences alike were hungry for more and it was this hunger that would allow festivals like Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival to happen the way that they did.

Who Played:

(May Festival)

  • The Jimi Hendrix Experience
  • The Mothers of Invention
  • Blue Cheer
  • The Package
  • John Lee Hooker
  • Chuck Berry
  • The Crazy World of Arthur Brown

(December Festival)

  • The Amboy Dukes
  • Chuck Berry (The only artist to play both festivals)
  • Blues Image
  • The Box Tops
  • Paul Butterfield Blues Band
  • Canned Heat
  • Wayne Cochran
  • Cosmic Drum
  • James Cotton Blues Band
  • Country Joe and the Fish
  • José Feliciano
  • Fish Ray
  • Flatt and Scruggs
  • Fleetwood Mac
  • Marvin Gaye
  • The Grass Roots
  • Grateful Dead
  • Richie Havens
  • Ian & Sylvia
  • Iron Butterfly
  • Junior Junkanoos
  • Walker & The Allstars
  • The Charles Lloyd Quartet
  • Hugh Masekela
  • Joni Mitchell
  • Pacific Gas & Electric
  • Procol Harum
  • Terry Reid
  • Buffy Sainte-Marie
  • Steppenwolf
  • The Sweet Inspirations
  • Sweetwater
  • Joe Tex
  • Three Dog Night
  • The Turtles

(*Booker T. & The MGs and The McCoys were also advertised but did not perform)


While there isn’t an overall documentary on the festival to this date, footage from the festival as well as Hendrix’s afternoon set appeared on the Hear My Train a Comin’ DVD along with mini-doc with interview segments with Lang & Kramer.

Here’s a clip with the interviews as well a clip of Hendrix playing Foxey Lady

Here’s a silent sequence of 8mm film shot very close to the stage at the festival by a then-15 year old fan, which features Arthur Brown, Zappa, Hendrix, and Blue Cheer that was uploaded back in ’09

No footage from the December festival seemed to have surfaced yet. If you happen to know of any, please let me know.


As previously mentioned, Hendrix’s afternoon set and two tracks from his evening set have been officially released. The evening set supposedly exists on bootlegs, but I haven’t found verification on that yet. Beyond Hendrix, no other audio from the festival  has appeared yet.


Audio from the December festival sadly is also fairly scarce, except for the Grateful Dead’s uncharacteristically short set from the 29th. Much like basically every Dead show, this set exists on a variety of bootlegs but has not yet reached an official release.


There is an excellent quality free stream available of a soundboard recording of their set over on Archive.org that is just sizzling. Short but pretty damn sweet, if you ask me. You can play the whole thing here or below.



Check back next week for a much less confusing festival elsewhere in the South.



Published by Record Crates United

Keith Hadad, the creator and manager of RCU, has been a contributing writer to Elmore Magazine and Thewaster.com and maintains a regular column, “Keith Hadad’s Choice,” in Blicker magazine. His writing has also appeared in the Smithsonian Folkways' Guest Blog and the Optical Sounds Fanzine. Also, please check out the blog's super-active Instagram account, @recordcratesunited for daily blurb-styled music reviews.

3 thoughts on “Festival Fridays: The 1968 Miami Pop Festivals

  1. Two comments on the above photos from the Miami Pop Festival (December) [the May festival’s official name was actually the 1968 Pop & Underground Festival]: The photo of Jerry Garcia is not from the Miami Pop Festival. The photo of Joni Mitchell, Graham Nash & Richie Havens is mine, and since I was not asked before it was posted here, I would be grateful if you would remove it. Thank you kindly.

    1. Oh my apologies sir, thank you for the corrections, I’ll be sure to update this. I’ll gladly remove the photo for you, but would you be at all interested in letting me keep the photo on this post if I give you proper credit as well as a link to your website/more of your work? If not, no problem at all, I’ll remove it promptly. Thank you again!

  2. love seeing shit like this..Michael Lang guru of the festival mojo…i am in awe of this event, the second miami pop…the line up is nothing like had come before.. this was the first…not Monterey..no this was three days that moved the needle..Michael was THE times, they were his, he wasn’t ahead of anything…. he was everything …
    I loved being at Woodstock …on shrooms, and stage for sat sun. but that’s another story…life is a long story…make sure you get yours told,..xo

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